Uncle went to see Han Xuanzi, who was worried about poverty, but he congratulated him.
Xuanzi said, "I have the name of the Qing Doctor, but I do not have the wealth of the Qing Doctor. There is no honor to associate with other Qing Doctors. I am worried about this, but you congratulate me. What is the reason? "
The uncle answered, "In the past Luanwuzi did not have 100 hectares of land, and his family was poor, even with inadequate sacrificial utensils; however, he was able to spread virtue, abide by the legal system, and was well known in all the princes and states. All the princes and kingdoms were close to him, and some minority nationalities were attached to him, so that the Jin State could settle down and enforce its laws without any ills, thus avoiding disasters. When it came to Huanzi, he was arrogant, extravagant, insatiable, illegal, and profitable. He should suffer misfortune, but only relying on his father Luan Wuzi's Yu De could he end up well. When Huaizi arrived at Huaizi, Huaizi changed his father's Huanzi's behavior and learned his grandfather's Wuzi's virtues, which could have saved him from disaster, but he fled to Chu because of the sin of his father's Huanzi. That Zhaozi, whose property is equal to half of the property of Jin State, whose servants are equal to half of the property of the Third Army, lived a very luxurious life in Jin State depending on his property and power. Finally, his corpse was shown in the court, and his clan was destroyed in Jiang State. If not, five of the eight surnames are doctors and three are Qing. They are powerful enough, but once they are banned, no one sympathizes with them, just because they have no virtue! Now you have Luan Wuzi's poverty situation, I think you can inherit his virtues, so congratulations, if you do not worry about the establishment of virtues, but only worry about the lack of property, I express sorrow is too late, where can you congratulate? "
Xuanzi then bowed down and kowtowed, "When I was on the verge of extinction, you saved me. Your kindness is not to be borne alone. I am afraid all descendants under my ancestor Huan Shu will thank you for your kindness. "
English Version：This paper first puts forward the unexpected question of "Xuanzi is worried about poverty and his uncle congratulates him" through the way of character dialogue, and then discusses it in depth layer by layer. The article does not directly explain the reason why we want to congratulate, but cites Luan and Yun as examples to illustrate that the key to happiness lies in virtue. Then, Xuanzi and Luanwuzi are compared to point out the reasons for congratulations, and further pointed out that if we do not build virtue and worry about poverty, it is not congratulatory, but suspensable, point out the central point of this article. At last, it concludes with Han Xuanzi's worship to illustrate the argument, which has great persuasion. This not only makes the truth clear, but also makes people feel friendly and natural. This paper quotes historical facts to clarify that poverty is not enough and worries about it. We should attach importance to building morality. Without morality, the richer the wealth, the greater the harm, and virtue can turn disaster into happiness.
This passage describes the process in which my uncle made suggestions to Han Xuanzi. Uncle Xiang's suggestion is quite persuasive because of the combination of positive and negative explanations. On the one hand, his remarks are for the sake of the long-term plan of the Qing Doctor's family. On the other hand, he criticizes the behavior of "arrogance, luxury, greed and craftlessness", which has a profound warning effect both at that time and today.